Scientific Publications

All papers can be downloaded on Sci-Hub or Researchgate (some of them directly on this page)


Weber, L., Gygax, P., Schoenhals, L., & Fourrier, I. (in press). Écriture inclusive et dyslexie :
enjeux, hypothèses et pistes de recherche. Approche Neuropsychologique des Apprentissages chez l’Enfant (ANAE)

Liénardy, C., Tibblin, J., Gygax, P., & Simon, A.-C. (in press). Écriture inclusive, lisibilité textuelle et représentations mentales. Discours

Gabriel, U. & Gygax, P. (2023). Dealing with participant variability in experimental linguistics. In Zufferey, S., & Gygax, P. (Eds). The Routledge Handbook of Experimental Linguistics. Routledge.

Sauteur, T., Gygax, P., Tibblin, J., Escasain, L., & Sato, S. (2023). « L’écriture inclusive, je ne connais pas très bien… mais je déteste ! ». GLAD!, 14, Article 14.

Jäggi, T., Sato, S., & Gygax, P. M. (2023). Skin cancer risk assessment and the grammaticalization of the future : The role of epistemic modality when temporally framing health information. Language and Health.

Tibblin, J., Granfeldt, J., van de Weijer, J., & Gygax, P. (2023). The male bias can be attenuated in reading : On the resolution of anaphoric expressions following gender-fair forms in French. Glossa Psycholinguistics, 2(1).

Younis, R., de Oliveira Fernandes, D., Gygax, P., Koszowy, M., & Oswald, S. (2023). Rephrasing is not arguing, but it is still persuasive : An experimental approach to perlocutionary effects of rephrase. Journal of Pragmatics, 210, 12‑23.

Wetzel, M., Tskhovrebova, E., M., Gygax, P. & Zufferey, S. (2023). Pragmatic and syntactic constraints on French causal connectives: An evaluation of native and non-native speakers’ sensitivity. Journal of Pragmatics, 209, 89-107.

Tibblin, J., Weijer, J. van de, Granfeldt, J., & Gygax, P. (2023). There are more women in joggeur·euses than in joggeurs : On the effects of gender-fair forms on perceived gender ratios in French role nouns. Journal of French Language Studies, 33, 28‑51.

Öttl, A., Kim, J., Behne, D., Gygax, P., Hyönä, J., Gabriel, U. (2023). Exploring the comparative adequacy of a unimanual and a bimanual stimulus-response setup for use with three-alternative choice response time tasks. PLOSOne, 18, e0281377.

Gabriel, U., Kim, J., Öttl, A., Gygax, P., Cui, L., Hyönä, J., & Nagel, O. (2023). Norms on the Gender Perception of Role Nouns: Gender Ratio Data for Chinese, Finnish, and Russian. Journal of Open Psychology Data11(1), 2. DOI:


Coles, N. A., March, D. S., Marmolejo-Ramos, F., Larsen, J. T.,…Gygax, P.… Marozzi, M. (2022). A Multi-Lab Test of the Facial Feedback Hypothesis by The Many Smiles Collaboration. Nature Human Behavior.

Tibblin, J., Van de Weijer, J., Granfeldt, J., & Gygax, P. (2022). There are more women in joggeur·euses than in joggeurs: On the effects of gender-fair forms on perceived gender ratios in French role nouns. Journal of French Language Studies, 1-24, First View. doi:

Kim, J., Angst, S., Gygax, P., Gabriel, U., & Zufferey, S. (2022). The masculine bias in fully gendered languages and ways to avoid it: A study on gender neutral forms in Québec and Swiss French. Journal of French Language Studies, 1-26, First View. doi: 

Koszowy, M., Oswald, S., Budzynska, K., Konat, B. & Gygax, P. (2022). A Pragmatic Account of Rephrase in Argumentation: Linguistic and Cognitive Evidence. Informal Logic, 42, 49–82.

Wetzel, M., Zufferey, S., & Gygax, P. (2022). How Robust Is Discourse Processing for Native Readers? The Role of Connectives and the Coherence Relations They Convey. Frontiers in Psychology, 13

Jäggi, T., Sato, S., Gillioz, C., & Gygax, P. M. (2022). Is the future near or far depending on the verb tense markers used? An experimental investigation into the effects of the grammaticalization of the future. PLOS ONE, 17, e0262778.


Tskhovrebova, E., Zufferey, S., & Gygax, P. (2022). Individual Variations in the Mastery of Discourse Connectives from Teenage Years to Adulthood. Language Learning, 72, 412‑455.

Lombard, A., Huyghe, R. & Gygax. P. (2021). Neological intuition in French: a Study of formal novelty and lexical regularity as predictors. Lingua, 254.

Wetzel, M., Zufferey, S., & Gygax, P. (2021). Do non-native and unfamiliar accents sound less credible? An examination of the processing fluency hypothesis. The Journal in Support for the Null Hypothesis, 17, 61-70.

Gygax, P., Sato, S., Oetl, A. & Gabriel, U. (2021). The masculine form and its multiple interpretations: a challenge for our cognitive system. Language Sciences, 83

Simond, A., Molin, A., Sato, S., Jaeggi, T., Gygax, P, & Meuwly, N. (2021). Linking political and feminist ideology with openness towards non-binary gender: The development and initial validation of a scale to measure subjective Openness towards Non-Binary Gender (ONBG). Journal of Gender Studies. preprint here


Sato, S., Gygax, P., Randall, J., & Schmidt-Mast, M. (2020). The leaky pipeline in research grant peer review and funding decisions: Challenges and future directions. Higher Education. doi: 10.1007/s10734-020-00626-y

Wetzel, M., Zufferey, S., & Gygax, P. (2020). Second language acquisition and the mastery of discourse connectives: assessing the factors that hinder L2-learners from mastering French connectives. Languages, 5, 35.

Jäggi, T., Sato, S., Gillioz, C., & Gygax, P. M. (2020). An Interdisciplinary Approach to Understanding the Psychological Impact of Different Grammaticalizations of the Future. Journal of Cognition, 3, 1-13.

Bylund, E., Gygax, P., Samuel, S., & Athanasopoulos, P. (2020). Back to the future? The role of temporal focus for mapping time onto space. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 73, 174‑182.


Gygax, P., Gabriel, U. & Zufferey, S. (2019). Le masculin et ses multiples sens : Un problème pour notre cerveau… et notre société. Savoirs en Prisme, 10, e-publication

Gygax, P., Thomas C., Didierjean, A., & Kuhn, G. (2019). Are women perceived as worse magicians than men? Gender bias when evaluating magic tricks. Social Psychological Bulletin, 14, Article e33574. doi: 10.32872/spb.v14i3.33574

Zufferey, S. & Gygax, P. (2019). Do teenagers know how to use connectives from the written mode? Lingua, doi: 10.1016/j.lingua.2019.102779

Kim, J. D., Gygax, P. & Gabriel, U. (2019). Testing the effectiveness of the Internet-based instrument PsyToolkit: a comparison between web-based (PsyToolkit) and lab-based (E-Prime 3.0) measurements of response choice and response time in a complex psycholinguistic task. PLOS ONE 14 : e0221802. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0221802

Gygax, P. M., Elmiger, D., Zufferey, S., Garnham, A., Sczesny, S., von Stockhausen, L., Braun, F., & Oakhill, J. (2019). A Language Index of Grammatical Gender dimensions for those interested in the impact of grammatical gender on the way we perceive women and men. Frontiers in Psychology. 10:1604. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01604

Zufferey, S., & Gygax, P. (2019). “Roger broke his tooth. However, he went to the dentist”: Why some readers struggle to evaluate wrong (and right) uses of connectives. Discourse Processes, First View. doi: 10.1080/0163853X.2019.1607446

Gygax P.M., Schoenhals L., Lévy A., Luethold P. and Gabriel U. (2019). Exploring the Onset of a Male-Biased Interpretation of Masculine Generics Among French Speaking Kindergarten Children. Frontiers in Psychology. 10:1225. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01225

Monaco, E., Jost, L. B., Gygax, P. M., & Annoni, J.-M. (2019). Embodied Semantics in a Second Language: Critical Review and Clinical Implications. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 13. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2019.00110


Gabriel, U., Gygax, P. & Kuhn, E. (2018). Neutralising linguistic sexism: Promising but cumbersome? Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 21, 844-858. doi: 10.1177/1368430218771742.

Wagner-Egger, P., & Gygax, P. (2018). Diana was not involved in the 9/11 terrorist attacks! Or was she? The boomerang effects of newspaper headline. Swiss Journal of Psychology, 77, 15-22


Zufferey, S. & Gygax, P. (2017). Processing explicit and implicit discourse relations in a second language. Frontiers in Psychology, 8:1198. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01198 

Gabriel, U., Behne, D., & Gygax, P. (2017). Speech vs. reading comprehension: An explorative study of gender representations in Norwegian. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 29, 795-808. doi: 10.1080/20445911.2017.1326923

Sato, Oetl, Gabriel & Gygax (2017). Assessing the impact of gender grammaticization on thought: A psychological and psycholinguistic perspective. Osnabrücker Beiträge zur Sprachtheorie (OBST), 90.

Gillioz, C., & Gygax, P. (2017). The specificity of emotion inferences as a function of emotional contextual support. Discourse Processes, 54, 1-8 


Parzuchowski, M, Bocian, K, Gygax, P. (2016). Sizing up objects: the effect of diminutive forms on mood, value and size judgments. Frontiers in Psychology – Language Sciences, 7:1452. 

Gabriel, U., & Gygax, P. (2016). Gender and linguistic sexism. In  H. Giles & A. Maas (Eds). Advances in intergroup Communication. CITY: Peter Lang Publishers.

Gygax, P. M., Garnham, A., & Doehren, S. (2016). What Do True Gender Ratios and Stereotype Norms Really Tell Us? Frontiers in Psychology – Cognition, 1036

Sato, S., Gygax, P., & Gabriel, U. (2016). Gauging the impact of gender grammaticization in different languages: Application of a linguistic-visual paradigm. Frontiers in Psychology – Language Sciences, 7, 140. 

Sato, S., Gabriel, U., & Gygax, P. (2016). Changing male-dominant representations in German: A study on nominalized adjectives and participles. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, First View. doi: 10.1177/0261927X15625442.


Lévy, A., Gygax, P., & Gabriel, U. & Zesiger, P. (2015). Gender representation in language: The onset of grammar-stereotype interplay in toddlerhood. Journal of Child Language, First View. doi:

Vervecken, D., Gygax, P., Gabriel, U., Guillod, M., Hannover, B. (2015). Warm businessmen, cold housewives? Effects of gender-fair language on adolescents’ perceptions of occupations. Frontiers in Psychology – Cognition. 

Zufferey, S. & Gygax, P. (2015). The role of perspective shifts for the communication and processing of discourse relations. Discourse Processes.

Garnham, A., Doehren, S. D., & Gygax, P. M. (2015). True gender ratios and stereotype rating norms. Frontiers in Psychology – Cognition, 6 (1023). 

Zimmermann, R., & Gygax, P. (2015). Women’s endorsement of sexist beliefs directed towards the self and towards other women in general. In L. Faniko., F. Lorenzi-Cioldi, O. Sarrasin,  & E. Mayor (Eds). Men and women in social hierarchies. Bern: Peter Lang Publishers

Gygax, P., & Gillioz, C. (2015). Emotion inferences during reading: Going beyond the tip of the iceberg. In E.J. O’Brien, A.E., Cook,& R.F. Lorch (Eds). Inferences during reading. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Thomas C., Didierjean, A., Maquestiaux, F., and Gygax, P. (2015). Does Magic Offer a Cryptozoology Ground for Psychology. Review of General Psychology, 19, 117-128. 

Wyrobková, A, & Gygax, P. (2015). Human and Man side by side, Woman trapped in a different reality: Word associations in Czech. Journal of Czechoslovac Psychology, 59, 44-56.


Misersky, J., Gygax, P., Canal, P., Gabriel, U., Garnham, A., Braun, F., Chiarini, T., Englund, K., Hanulikova, A., Öttl, A., Valdrova, J., Von Stockhausen, L., & Sczesny, S. (2014)Beauticians are rarely male: Norms on the gender perception of role nouns in Czech, English, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, and Slovak. Behavior Research Methods, 46, 841-871. doi: 10.3758/s13428-013-0409-z

Lévy, A., Gygax, P., & Gabriel, U., (2014). Fostering the generic interpretation of grammatically masculine forms: When my aunt could be one of the mechanics. The Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 26, 27-38.


Sato, S., Gygax, P., & Gabriel, U. (2013). Grammatical features and their impact on the representation of gender in bilinguals. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 16, 792-807

Gygax, P.M., Sarrasin, O., Lévy, A., Sato., S., & Gabriel, U. (2013). La représentation mentale du genre pendant la lecture : état actuel de la recherche et directions futures. Journal of French Language Studies, 23, 243-257. 


Gillioz, C., Gygax, P., & Tapiero, I. (2012). Individual differences and emotional inferences during reading comprehension. The Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 66, 239-250.

Garnham, A., Gabriel, U., Gygax, P., Sarrasin, O. & Oakhill, J. (2012). Gender representation in language and grammatical cues: When beauticians, musicians and mechanics remain men. Discourse Processes, 49, 481-500

Wagner-Egger, P., Gygax, P., & Ribordy, F. (2012). Racism and judging fouls: The dark side of sport. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 114, 275-289. 

Gygax, P., Gabriel, U., Lévy, A., Pool, E., Grivel, M., & Pedrazzini, E. (2012). The masculine form and its competing interpretations in French: When linking grammatically masculine role names to female referents is difficult. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 24, 395-408. 

Sarrasin, O., Gabriel, U., & Gygax, P.M. (2012). Sexism and attitudes toward nonsexist language: The case of English, French and German. The Swiss Journal of Psychology, 71, 113-124. 

Bosson, M., Maggiori, C., Gygax, P.M., & Gay, C. (2012). Smoking and adolescence: Exploring tobacco consumption and related attitudes in three different age groups in Switzerland. Journal of Youth Studies, 15, 225-240. 


Gygax, P., & Gabriel, U. (2011). Gender representation in language: More than meets the eye. In R. M. Mishra & N. Srinivasan (Eds). Language-cognition interface: State of the art. Munich: Lincom Europa.


Gygax, P., Bosson, M., Gay, C., & Ribordy, F. (2010). Relevance of health warnings on cigarette packages: a psycholinguistic investigation. Health Communication, 25, 397-409.

Gygax, P. (2010). L’inférence émotionnelle durant la lecture et sa composante comportementale. L’Année Psychologique, 2, 253-273. 


Lamontagne-Mueller L. & Gygax, P. (2009). Le modèle social/environnemental du handicap: un outil pour sensibiliser les enseignantes et les enseignants en formation. La Revue des HEP de Suisse romande et du Tessin, 9, 77-95.

Gygax, P., Gabriel, U., Sarrasin, O., Garnham, A. & Oakhill, J. (2009). Some grammatical rules are more difficult than others: The case of the generic interpretation of the masculine. European Journal of Psychology of Education, 24, 235-246.

Marmolejo-Ramos, F., Elosúa de Juan, M.R., Gygax, P., Madden, C. & Mosquero, S. (2009). Narrative text comprehension. Current trends and future research. Pragmatics and Cognition, 17, 77-88. 


Gabriel, U. & Gygax, P. (2008). Can language amendments change gender representation? The case of Norway. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 49, 451-457. 

Gygax, P. & Gabriel, U. (2008). Can a group of musicians be composed of women? Generic interpretation of French masculine role names in absence and presence of feminine forms. Swiss Journal of Psychology, 67, 141-153. 

Gygax, P., Wagner-Egger, P., Parris, B., Seiler, R., & Hauert, C.-A. (2008). A psycholinguistic investigation of football players’ mental representations of game situations: Does expertise count? Swiss Journal of Psychology, 67, 85-95. 

Gabriel, U., Gygax, P., Sarrasin, O., Garnham, A. & Oakhill, J. (2008). Au-pairs are rarely male: Role names’ gender stereotype information across three languages. Behavior Research Methods Instruments and Computers, 40, 206-212. 

Gygax, P., Gabriel, U., Sarrasin, O., Garnham, A. & Oakhill, J. (2008). There is no generic masculine in French and German: When beauticians, musicians and mechanics are all men. Language and Cognitive Processes, 23, 464-485. 


Gygax, P., Tapiero, I. & Carruzzo, E. (2007). Emotion inferences during reading comprehension: What evidence can the self-pace reading paradigm provide? Discourse processes, 44, 33-50.

Gygax, P. &  Gesto, N. (2007). Lourdeur de texte et féminisation. L’Année Psychologique, 107, 233-250. 


Gnesa, R., & Gygax, P. (2005). Pertinence des messages de santé : Une étude sur les temps de lecture des phrases à messages préventifs. Bulletin de Psychologie, 58, 233-239.


Gygax, P., Garnham, A. & Oakhill, J. (2004). Understanding Emotions in Text: Readers Do Not Represent Specific Emotions. Language and Cognitive Processes, 19, 613-638. 


Gygax, P., Oakhill, J. & Garnham, A (2003). Emotion in Text Comprehension: Do Readers Infer Specific emotions. Cognition and Emotion, 17, 413-428.